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Economically Disadvantaged Overall

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Key Facts Economically Disadvantaged

While Northern Virginia is known for having communities with some of the highest median incomes in the United States, we must recognize that there are segments of the community in need of assistance that live in one of the most prosperous regions in the country.

Poverty

2014 to 2018 Five-Year Estimates

All jurisdictions in the United States are included in the five-year American Community Survey estimates. The poverty rate of all counties and cities in Northern Virginia is shown in this graph. The poverty rate is the ratio of the number of persons in poverty divided by the total population. The poverty rate of each Northern Virginia county and city is lower than the Commonwealth of Virginia and the United States. Out of all 3,142 jurisdictions in the USA, one of the ten lowest poverty rates is located in the Northern Virginia locality of Loudoun County (7th). Loudoun County is also the number one ranked for median household income. However, there are persons in poverty in Loudoun and the rest of the region, and their needs must be recognized and addressed.

2019 One-Year Estimates

Those jurisdictions with a population of 65,000 or more are included in the one-year American Community Survey estimates, of which there are 829 jurisdictions. The poverty rate, for those jurisdictions in Northern Virginia with a population of 65,000 or more, is shown in this graph.  All of these jurisdictions have poverty rates lower than the United States and the Commonwealth of Virginia. Out of the 829 jurisdictions with a population of 65,000 or more in the USA, one of the ten lowest poverty rates is located in the Northern Virginia locality of Loudoun County (3rd). Loudoun County is also the number one ranked for median household income.  However, there are persons in poverty in Loudoun and the rest of the region and their needs must be recognized.

Free and Reduced-Price School Meal Students

The number of students in Northern Virginia on free and reduced-price meals on October 31st of a school year is shown in the tables.  The percentage of students in Northern Virginia on free and reduced-price meals has slowly increased over the past three school years shown, with 2017-2018 at 31.7%, 2018-2019 at 32.0%, and 2019-2020 at 32.8%.

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Expenditures

The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)  expenditures in Northern Virginia are shown in this graph. Between 2006 and 2019 the peak amount of expenditures was reached in 2013, which is when many were still recovering from the effects of the recession.  SNAP expenditures had trended down from 2013 to 2019.  In 2020 the coronavirus pandemic hit the world and its impact on the Northern Virginia region were significant from a health and economic stand point.  In 2020, the SNAP expenditures were 41% higher than the 2013 prior peak.